This issue continues the series exclusive to AMUST on the 99 divine attributes of Allah.
Read previous parts at
- Al-Mu’īd – The Reviver of the Dead
Indeed, (O Muhammad!), the Punishment of your Rabb (Lord) is severe and painful. Verily, He it is Who begins (punishment) and repeats (punishment) in the Hereafter) or originates the creation of everything, and then repeats it on the Day of Resurrection). And He is Oft-Forgiving1, Full of love2 (towards the pious who are real true believer of Islamic Montheism). Owner of the Throne the Glorious3, (He is the doer of whatsoever He intends (or wills)4. Has the story reached you of the hosts, of Fir’aun (Pharaoh) and Thamūd? Nay! The disbelievers (persisted) in denying (Prophet Muhammad his Messages of Islamic Montheism). And Allah encompasses them from behind!5 (i.e. all their deeds are within His knowledge, and He will require them for their deeds). Nay! This is a glorious Qur’ân, (inscribed) in Al-Lauh, Al-Mahfuz”6
“ Oft. Forgiving”: By using this attribute, Allah has inculcated that if one repents from his/her sins and begs Allah devoted and true forgiveness, he/she can occupy the abode of mercy and enlightenment under the shades of Allah swt.
“Full of love and tranquility”: It declares very distinctly that Allah has no enmity towards any of His creation that creates distress and torture for no reason. Rather the humans enjoy such love and extreme appreciation under His care that He goes on avoiding and delaying punishment till he or she starts repenting for forgiveness.
“Owner of the Throne, the Glorious”: the intense feeling that Allah Himself is the Sovereign that no one can get away from Him.
“Comparison of Himself with the humans as the Doer of whatsoever He intends (or wills)” means that they don’t dare show insolence to the Al-mighty Allah.
“And Allah encompasses them from behind” means that all the working and information about humans is within the knowledge of Allah swt, and he will recruit them.
These points are not the last of what Allah has declared in the Holy Qur’an. The Holy Qur’an is then the official information and it has been revealed and recorded in the preserved Tablet of Almighty Allah.
- Al-Mūhy – The Bestower of Life
Allah is He who sends the winds, so that they raise clouds and spread them along the sky as He wills, and then break them into fragments, until you see rain drops come forth from their mist: then when He has made them fall on whom of His slaves as He wills, lo, they rejoice. 1
And verily before that (rain) – just before it was sent down upon them – they were in despair;
Look then at the effects of (results) Allah’s mercy; how he revives the earth after it’s death. Verily, (Allah) who revived the earth after its death) shall indeed raise the dead on the day of Resurrection) and He is able to do all things.2
And if we sent a wind (which would spoil the green growth (tilth) brought up by the previous rain and they see turn yellow – behold, they then (after there being grant), would become unthankful to their Rabb Allah as (disbelievers)3
So verily you (O Muhammad) cannot make the dead to hear (i.e. the disbelievers), nor can you make the deaf to hear the call when they show their backs and turn away. 4
Had you (O Muhammad), guide the blind from the straying; you can make to hear only those who believe in our ayat (proofs, evidences) and have submitted to Allah in Islam (as Muslims)5.
(Ar- Rûm, 30:48-53)
Hear the style, in which the Prophethood and Rain have been mentioned simultaneously indicates the reality that the deputations of the Prophets is charmingly the same kind of benevolence as that of the arrival of the rain, in the material life of human beings.
Similar to the sudden sojourn of the heavenly rain, the dead-laying land gets enlivened in a sudden moment and the greeneries blessed in it, the descent of the moral spirituality derived would get flourished and the greatest of laudable performance become flourished.
It is one’s own foolishness of the unbelievers who nullify. In case when the greeneries have taken substances, if they observe any yellow type of greenery at this moment either too hard or too soft to make the suspicion of its deteriorate by rain. They do not grasp the problem rather they should start having patience and full belief in Allah by asking help from Him.
Prophet should not be considered responsible of the occurrence of evils in this world. He was ordered by Allah to convey his message in exact words and best possible manner in practice. The objections by Arabs in Makkah was not justified by the Arab Quraish.
Ayat- ul- Kūrsi (Al Quran, Chapter 2 Al-Baqarah, Verse 255)
- Al- Hayy – The Ever-Lasting
- Al-Qayyūm – The Sustainer of All Existence
Allah, there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of (all) Existence1. Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep2. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth3. Who is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission4? He knows what is (presently) before them and what will be after them5, and they encompass not a thing of His Knowledge except for what He wills. His Kursī6 extends over the heavens and the earth and their preservation tires Him not. And He is the Most-High,the Most-Great.”
Note: The verse (2:255) is known as Ayat-ul-Kursi which deals with the attributes of Allah in a comprehensive manner. The Prophet declared it as the loftiest verse of the Qur’an (Ibne Kaseer with deference to Muslim and Ahmad). This verse, also known as the Throne Verse, has won the admiration of non-Muslims.
According to the well-known commentator of Quran Kareem, George Sale, “it is a magnificent description of the Divine Majesty and Providence.” According to the Arabic English Lexicon, it is “one of the most admired passage in the Quran.” This verse consists of ten short sentences. In the first verse the word Allah is the Ism-e-Zat (personal name of the One Supreme Being) Who is the Creator, and Controller and Who is free from all defects.
The two attribute numbers 33 and 36, Al-Hayy and Al-Qayyūm in the last ten sentences encompass all the other nine attributes mentioned in this long verse. Hence it has been selected as the best reflection of these two important attributes of Allah
The ignorant persons have coined many gods and deities but the actual matter of fact is that over-all Sovereignty (godliness) belongs to the permanent One Being without any interference to Him, rather He is alone by virtue of His own existence. The whole system of all this cosmos is established only because of Him. He Himself is the Controller and Executor of all the affairs of the Sovereignty. Hence whenever any other deity is established as His equivalent, this commences conflict in the absolute Truth.
This two-sentence statement nullifies the opinions of the persons who give the Supreme Being Allah (God) the same position and then assign to Him the nearness that are the indications of imperfection. Bible declares that God created heavens and the earth in six days and took rest on the Sabbath (seventh day). Thus it has been interpreted in two types of testaments by the followers of the Bible
No one is having any share in the partnership with Allah. His planning and His control over the universe is permanent. Anyone else whom human being assigns his Partnership shall be questioned on the day of Resurrection
Here is the total denial of the interpretation of the polytheists who use to consider that there are some humans, angels, or other unseen objects who have great influence over Allah. They are admonished here that rather having influence over Allah none can dare upon his/her transgression over Allah.
This statement of the Qur’an is a tremendous blow over the foundation of polytheism. In this another verdict has been disclosed that in His Sovereignty there is no legislative directive as well as it is also indicated that no one has the knowledge to grasp the wisdom and strategies for the control and management of the whole cosmos.
Humans, Jinns or the Angels have limited and imperfect knowledge of the secrets of the cosmos. Thus if any individual becomes so much mistaken that his/her influence or intervention is operated in the functioning of the cosmos, the whole cosmos will be totally disturbed. Hence, eventually any living being is totally dependent on the guidance and directives of the Supreme Power who is the real Source of all knowledge.
The word Kursī is used in Arabic which means plinth of a building that holds it. It is generally used for the word supervision which stops becoming exhausted and tired. This long verse number 255 reflects the cognition of Allah to the greatest extent. Hence the verse is considered as the most respectful verse of the Qur’an.
Continued in AMUST issue #120 November