My forebear Sir George Houstoun Reid, GCB, GCMG, KC 1845-1918), was an Australian politician. He was Premier of New South Wales from 1894 to 1899 and Australia’s forth Prime Minister.
I feel sure he would have welcomed Malcolm as the twenty-ninth Prime Minister of Australia. He was the Member for East Sydney for a number of years, an area which included the area now known as Wentworth for which Malcolm is now the Member.
Malcolm Turnbull was born in Sydney on 24 October 1954 to Bruce Bligh Turnbull and Coral Magnolia Lansbury. His maternal grandmother, May Lansbury (née Morle), was born in England.His father was a hotel broker; his mother was a radio actor, writer and academic and a distant cousin to the British film and television actor Angela Lansbury.
They separated when Turnbull was nine, with Turnbull’s mother leaving first for New Zealand and then the United States. Turnbull was then raised by his father. Turnbull spent his first three years of school at Vaucluse Public School. He then attended the St. Ives preparatory school of Sydney Grammar School as a boarder.
In senior school he was a boarder at the former Randwick Grammar while attending classes at the main College Street campus on a partial scholarship.
He was senior school co-captain in 1972, as well as winning the Lawrence Campbell Oratory Competition, and excelled particularly in the literary subjects such as English and history.
However, contrary to certain sources, Turnbull was not the dux of his graduating year at Sydney GrammarIn 1987, in memory of his late father, he set up the Bruce Turnbull means-tested scholarship at Sydney Grammar, which offers full remission of fees to a student unable to afford them.
In 1973 Turnbull attended the University of Sydney and graduated with a Bachelor of Arts (majoring in political science) in 1977 and a Bachelor of Laws in 1978. During his studies, he worked as a political journalist for Nation Review, Radio 2SM and Channel 9 covering state politics.[
In 1978, Turnbull won a Rhodes Scholarship and attended Brasenose College, Oxford, where he studied for a Bachelor of Civil Law between 1978 and 1980, graduating with honors. While at Oxford, he worked for The Sunday Times and contributed to newspapers and magazines in the US and Australia.
After graduating with honours from Oxford, Turnbull returned to Australia and began working as a barrister. He left the bar in 1983 to become general counsel and secretary for Australian Consolidated Press Holdings Group, from 1983 to 1985. During this time he defended Kerry Packer against the “Goanna” allegations made by the Costigan Commission.
In partnership with Bruce McWilliam he established his own law firm, Turnbull McWilliam, in 1986. In that year Turnbull defended Peter Wright, a former MI5 agent, who authored the book Spycatcher, and successfully blocked the British government’s attempts to suppress the book’s publication. Turnbull later wrote a book on the trial.
In 1987, he established an investment banking firm, Whitlam Turnbull & Co Ltd, in partnership with Neville Wran (a former Labor Premier of New South Wales) and the former State Bank of New South Wales chief executive, Nicholas Whitlam (son of Gough Whitlam, a former Labor prime minister). Whitlam parted company with the others in 1990 and the firm operated as Turnbull & Partners Ltd from then until 1997, when Turnbull moved to become a managing director and later a partner of Goldman Sachs
Turnbull in 2005 and the Australian Republican Movement.
From 1993 to 2000, Turnbull was the chairman of the Australian Republican Movement. He was an elected delegate at the Australian Constitutional Convention 1998 in Canberra in February. At the Convention, Turnbull cautioned against mixing the roles of president and prime minister, advocating a parliamentary republic, and supported the bi-partisan appointment republican model adopted by the convention.
Turnbull was active in the unsuccessful 1999 referendum campaign to establish an Australian republic as chairman of the Yes Committee.
He published a book on the campaign, called Fighting for the Republic. In 2000 Turnbull retired as chairman of the Australian Republican Movement. Turnbull left the board of Ausflag in 1994 after being asked for his resignation and in 2004 joined the Australian National Flag Association
Turnbull retained his seat at the 2007 election gaining a two-party 1.3-point swing in Wentworth, despite a 5.6-point swing away from the coalition in the state, and a 5.4-point swing nationwide. Prime Minister Howard had lost his own seat of Bennelong, and on 25 November 2007, Liberal deputy leader Peter Costello announced he would not seek the party leadership. Turnbull declared his candidacy later the same day, and was considered a favourite by many. He lost to Brendan Nelson, in a 45 to 42 vote. Nelson in turn appointed him Shadow Treasurer.
On 16 September 2008, Turnbull was elected party leader by 45 votes to 41. However on 1 December 2009, a spill motion was carried. Turnbull lost the subsequent leadership ballot to Abbott by 42 votes to 41 on the second ballot.
At the 2010 federal election, Turnbull was re-elected with a swing of over 11% and was subsequently brought back to the front bench as shadow communications minister.
He subsequently became Communication Minister in the Liberal government of Tony Abbott whom he replaced as Prime Minister in September 2015.