This issue continues the series exclusive to AMUST on the 99 divine attributes of Allah.
Read previous parts at
56. Al Hameed – The Most Praiseworthy
And We had certainly given Luqman wisdom [and said], “Be grateful to Allah .” And whoever is grateful is grateful for [the benefit of] himself. And whoever denies [His favor] – then indeed, Allah is Free of need and Most Praiseworthy.
And [mention, O Muhammad], when Luqman said to his son while he was instructing him, “O my son, do not associate [anything] with Allah . Indeed, association [with Him] is great injustice.
And We have enjoined upon man [care] for his parents. His mother carried him, [increasing her] in weakness upon weakness, and his weaning is in two years. Be grateful to Me and to your parents; to Me is the [final] destination.
But if they endeavor to make you associate with Me that of which you have no knowledge, do not obey them but accompany them in [this] world with appropriate kindness and follow the way of those who turn back to Me [in repentance]. Then to Me will be your return, and I will inform you about what you used to do.
[And Luqman said], “O my son, indeed if wrong should be the weight of a mustard seed and should be within a rock or [anywhere] in the heavens or in the earth, Allah will bring it forth. Indeed, Allah is Subtle and Acquainted.
O my son, establish prayer, enjoin what is right, forbid what is wrong, and be patient over what befalls you. Indeed, [all] that is of the matters [requiring] resolve.
And do not turn your cheek [in contempt] toward people and do not walk through the earth exultantly. Indeed, Allah does not like everyone self-deluded and boastful
And be moderate in your pace and lower your voice; indeed, the most disagreeable of sounds is the voice of donkeys.
Do you not see that Allah has made subject to you whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth and amply bestowed upon you His favors, [both] apparent and unapparent? But of the people is he who disputes about Allah without knowledge or guidance or an enlightening Book [from Him].
And when it is said to them, “Follow what Allah has revealed,” they say, “Rather, we will follow that upon which we found our fathers.” Even if Satan was inviting them to the punishment of the Blaze?
And whoever submits his face to Allah while he is a doer of good – then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold. And to Allah will be the outcome of [all] matters.
And whoever has disbelieved – let not his disbelief grieve you. To Us is their return, and We will inform them of what they did. Indeed, Allah is Knowing of that within the breasts.
We grant them enjoyment for a little; then We will force them to a massive punishment.
And if you asked them, “Who created the heavens and earth?” they would surely say, “ Allah .” Say, “[All] praise is [due] to Allah “; but most of them do not know.
To Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and earth. Indeed, Allah is the Free of need and the Most Praiseworthy”
(Luqmān, 31: 12-26)
57. Al-Muhsi – The Reckoner
Indeed, it is We who bring the dead to life and record what they have put forth and what they left behind, and all things We have enumerated in a clear register.
And present to them an example: the people of the city, when the messengers came to it –
When We sent to them two but they denied them, so We strengthened them with a third, and they said, “Indeed, we are messengers to you
They said, “You are not but human beings like us, and the Most Merciful has not revealed a thing. You are only telling lies.
They said, “Our Rabb knows that we are messengers to you,
And we are not responsible except for clear notification.”
They said, “Indeed, we consider you a bad omen. If you do not desist, we will surely stone you, and there will surely touch you, from us, a painful punishment.
They said, “Your omen is with yourselves. Is it because you were reminded? Rather, you are a transgressing people.”
And there came from the farthest end of the city a man, running. He said, “O my people, follow the messengers.
Follow those who do not ask of you [any] payment, and they are [rightly] guided.
And why should I not worship He who created me and to whom you will be returned?
Should I take other than Him [false] deities [while], if the Most Merciful intends for me some adversity, their intercession will not avail me at all, nor can they save me?
Indeed, I would then be in manifest error.
Indeed, I have believed in your Rabb , so listen to me.”
It was said, “Enter Paradise.” He said, “I wish my people could know
Of how my Rabb has forgiven me and placed me among the honored.”
And We did not send down upon his people after him any soldiers from the heaven, nor would We have done so.
It was not but one blast (from the sky), and immediately they were extinguished.”
(Yā seen, 36:12-29)
58. Al-Mubdi’ – The Originator
Indeed, your Rabb is Allah, who created the heavens and the earth in six days1 and then established Himself above the Throne2, arranging the matter [of His creation]. There is no intercessor except after His permission. That is Allah, your Rabb, so worship Him3. Then will you not remember4?
To him is your return all together5. (It is) the promise of Allah, (which is) truth6. Indeed, he begin the (process of) creation and then repeats it that He may reward those who have believed and done righteous deeds, in justice.7 But those who disbelieved will have a drink of scalding water and a painful punishment for what they used to deny8.
It is He who made the sun a shinning light and the moon a derived light and determined for it phases – that you may know the number of years and accounts of (of time). Allah has not created this except in truth. He details the signs for a people who know
Indeed, in the alternation of the night and day and (in) what, Allah has created in the heavens and the earth are signs for a people who fear Allah 9.”
The word ‘day’ can be used similar to a twenty four hours period or considered as a day or could be considered as an epoch used in chapter number 22 al-Hajj verse 17 where one day is considered equivalent to 1000 years. Allah knows the absolute truth.
Allah does not become defunct after the performance of creation. Rather He accepted His own governance of the universe and now looking over all its management. It is very difficult for us to decipher the word Throne (Arsh) in the Quran given by Allah. It may be either a pious reverend locality as the status of Allah’s Grace and Blessing or are maybe taken as the locality of Allah’s Sovernance. This word is basically one of the mutashabihat (not actually clear); mostly these expressions are beyond the human perception this phrase is used in the Quran that Allah is not only mere the Creator of the universe but also the Planner and the Executor of the affairs of the worlds.
No other being has any jurisdiction to interfere in the management and affairs of the universe. Neither anyone can get any divine decree changed. The much that can be performed by anyone is to supplicate to Allah about his or her ideas for plans but again it entirely rests upon the Almighty to accept or reject it.
Rabubiyah (Sovereignty) entirely belongs to Allah It consists of three performance; a) Nourishment, b) Control and c) Management. Hence the three performance of worship, slavery and submission are out of question for the Almighty Supreme.
After the declaration of this reality, will you not open your eyes and persist in the foolish indulgent behaviour.
This is the second principle of the teaching about Resurrection. Finally your Rabb (Lord) is only Allah Himself and therefore you have to worship Him and after rendering the best for this world every human has to give the account for all his deeds and actions.
This expression is the consolidation of the claims and arguments carried together. The assertion is that Allah shall create the humans after the departure from this world again. And the argument is that by entering the human beings first time it has been established that Allah has started the process of creation first. And therefore it is not impossible that Allah would repeat the task of the humans recreation again.
Since the non-believers have been destined to drink scorching boiled water and unbearing punishment because of the disbelief of the truth. Now the repetition of creation is essential by virtue of justice and logical. It is quite just that the both groups of persons believers and non-believers deserve to get well reward and punishment in full. If still it is not fulfilled in the present duration of life then it shall be compensated in future after death.
This is the third argument for the resurrection faith. All the manifestations of the divine performance is present before the humans as the glaring indications and proofs of divine manifestations in the presence of day, moon, night and other phenomena.
All these provide clear indications that the Creator of the universe is not a simple child who has begun all these only for the sake of enjoyment or sport for children. It is clearly manifested that in each and every performance of Allah there is wisdom, strategies and full purposiveness.
Since the manifestations and signs of all His wisdom have been obviously presented before then how do you expect that after handing over the powers and control of the world affairs Allah would not take an account of your dealings in this world. Therefore Allah can never leave any task incomplete.
It is quite obvious that all the manifestations and realities in the performance of life are directing towards the hidden realities. Still, the full realization and understanding of the whole divine system can be procured only by those who have the following two virtues:
a) Should be totally above the prejudices and favours and bias for a particular system of knowledge and take everything honestly according to their own human nature
b) In their own self there should be sincere earnest desire to avoid all the mistakes and adopt the true procedures and methodologies.
Continued in AMUST issue #119 October