Despite Netanyahu being accused of acts of genocide in Gaza, his military continues to massacre Palestinians and demolish buildings and structures in the Gaza Strip. Flouting the world’s leaders’ call for a peace agreement, he bows to annihilate Hamas for peace in Israel. 

Following the Houthis attack on a US naval ship in the Red Sea, the USA and UK conducted airstrikes in Yemen. The United States continues its threat of retaliation against Iran. This cycle of attack and counterattack raises concerns about the escalation of war in the region.

Additionally, one might question if Hamas’ attack on Israel on 7 October had a preemptive motive. Some speculate whether it’s a strategy for the United States to strike Iran before it becomes a nuclear power.

This speculation implies a potential link to geopolitical events in the region, but the evident outcomes have been unfavourable for Palestinians.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu once supported Hamas’s rise as part of his divide-and-rule policy. With the change in the geopolitical situation, he now considers Hamas to be eliminated to bring back peace in Israel. He has ordered a military operation in Gaza named ‘Iron Swords.’

Tragically, more than 26,000 civilians, predominantly women and children, have lost their lives, leaving hundreds of thousands more displaced. Compounding this, Australia has aligned with the United States and the West in halting funding to UNRWA (UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East).

To understand who is responsible for heightening this tension—whether it’s Iran or the United States—we must assess if Iran is prepared to engage with its adversaries. It seems unlikely that other Middle Eastern countries will support Iran.

One possible scenario is that if Iran possesses nuclear capabilities, it might attempt to escalate the crisis. Alternatively, the United States could take preemptive actions to prevent Iran from becoming a nuclear power.

Seeking retribution against Israel, Iran cites various reasons, the last being the orchestrated blast at the Natanz nuclear facility. on April 11, 2021. Israel’s steadfast opposition to Iran’s nuclear initiatives, particularly those at Natanz, adds fuel to the tensions.

Additionally, Iran encounters significant rifts within the Middle East, notably in its relations with Saudi Arabia. The United States and  Israel are dead against Iran becoming a nuclear power.  So, the rift between Iran vs the United States including its allies and partners, is growing.

Anyone would agree that the Houthis in the Red Sea and Iran in the Strait of Hormuz could paralyze the whole world economy by disrupting the sea lines of communication. Knowing this fact, the United States maintains a strong military presence in Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar,  Saudi Arabia, and UAE.

Iran cannot fulfil its perceived aim because of America’s military bases in the Middle East and its open support to Israel. Khamenei is always against the “American hegemony” in the region.

Iran is steadily making economic and ideological progress under the leadership of Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei. Allegedly, Iran aims to become an influential power in the region.

Over time, Iran has established numerous Shia Muslim groups with different names in various parts of the world, especially in neighbouring countries. These groups are highly loyal to the spiritual leader and could be motivated to seek revenge if Iran is attacked.

While Iran attempts to improve relationships with Muslim countries, it is alleged that its support often leans towards the interests of Shia groups in different countries.

Supporting the rights of Muslims in Gaza and fulfilling Iran’s agenda are distinctly separate matters.

The brief success of Hamas prompted Israel’s disproportionate retaliation, leading to global condemnation against Netanyahu. Despite this, the West continues to support Israel’s right to defend itself.

Similarly, Iran needs to earn the support of the Muslim world, but not at the cost of thousands of lives. The global Muslim community is unlikely to forgive Netanyahu for acts of genocide in Gaza.

Concurrently, Khamenei may be held responsible if his agenda contributes to the loss of Muslim lives in Gaza.

Netanyahu’s persistent actions in the Gaza Strip, despite accusations of genocide, have continued to fuel ongoing conflict. Following Hamas’s attack on Israel on 7 October and the subsequent cycle of escalating threats and counter-threats, reportedly backed by Iran, both Hamas and Netanyahu remain at odds regarding a two-state solution.

The Houthis’ threat to heighten risks on shipping lines in the Red Sea unless Israel ceases the alleged genocide in Gaza adds to the complexity. These developments strongly indicate that the region is dangerously moving towards an escalating widespread conflict, potentially leading to World War III.