Israel is stepping up its military actions against Hamas in Gaza, leading to a tense and complex situation with significant impact on people and international relations.

The Economist recently published an article (Israel has just a few weeks left to destroy Hamas) highlighting the ongoing conflict in Gaza, which is a key moment in the long-standing struggle between Israel and Palestine.

The military offensive by Israel in Gaza, which began nine weeks ago, has grown into a major military action. After six weeks, Israel sent ground troops, increasing the severity of the conflict. The number of civilians who have died in Gaza has reached about 18,000, emphasising the tragic human cost of this conflict.

Israel’s main goal is to weaken Hamas’s military power. Despite sending in an airborne division and three armored divisions, the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF) haven’t yet succeeded in this objective. Hamas remains strong, partly due to their ability to use underground tunnels, which makes it hard for Israel to defeat them.

In Israel, there’s a strong public desire for a decisive victory. The IDF’s tactics are designed to show that they’re gaining control and reducing Hamas’s resistance. However, Hamas continues to fight back, carrying out surprise attacks which aim to demonstrate their continued strength.

The United States, a key sponsor of Israel providing political and military support, has mixed feelings about the offensive. The U.S. has been crucial in supporting Israel diplomatically and militarily, but there are signs that this support might not last. The U.S. on Friday vetoed a United Nations resolution for a ceasefire, showing its support for Israel. But according to The Economist article, recent developments suggest the U.S. is pushing Israel to end their offensive soon, especially to avoid complicating the upcoming 2024 election. According to ynet, a senior US official said “it is clear that it will take Israel more time to eliminate Hamas, just as it took the United States years to eliminate ISIS.”

The impact of the conflict on the people of Gaza is severe. Over two million people are affected, with many forced to leave their homes. The damage to essential infrastructure is causing serious health risks. Even if the major bombings stop, the IDF might continue with a less intense campaign, and Hamas is likely to keep control of some parts of Gaza. This means Israel hasn’t yet achieved its main goal of stopping those responsible for the major attack on October 7th.

The ongoing conflict in Gaza is a critical point in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. While Israel’s aim is to weaken Hamas militarily, the challenges are huge, and the cost to civilians is high. The uncertain support from the United States and the resilience of Hamas suggest that an easy solution is unlikely. The future of this conflict remains unclear, with potential long-lasting effects on the region and its people.