The Qur’an has come as a revelation to humankind. It is a Book that humans have no choice but to accept and obey. For this reason, the authenticity and validity of the Qur’an need to be well-established and understood.

There are wo means to do this is by understanding the I’jaz (miraculousness) of the Qur’an and recognising instances of rebuking of the Prophet (s) in the Qur’an.

1. I’jaz (miraculousness) of the Qur’an

The i’jaz (miraculousness) of the Qur’an shows the power of the Qur’an, which demonstrates that the Qur’an cannot be the word of a human being but of a superior being, God.

The miraculous facets within the Qur’an discuss undiscovered knowledge of the natural world, prediction/ knowledge of the future, lost knowledge of the past, literary, inimitability, laws, and its impact on humankind.

The undiscovered understanding of the world in regards to the embryo development mentioned in the Qur’an 1,400 years ago before science had progressed shows the knowledge of the Creator.

In contrast, science centuries later describes the development of the embryo.

This signifies that the Qur’an cannot be authored by an illiterate Prophet (s) who knows the unknown, but a supreme being who is the Creator must know about its development.

To examine it from a literary perspective, the Qur’an has been falsely accused of being authored by Prophet Muhammad (s).

Throughout history, creating an outstanding piece of an academic document requires multiple reviewing of the work until it has reached its version. However, the Qur’an was not edited or reviewed for over 23 years.

When the Qur’an was revealed to the Prophet (s), it was at random locations and different audiences, and he would say the verses that were revealed to him without any editing or changes.

It was narrated that Aishah (r), the wife of the Prophet (s), said: “Al-Harith bin Hisham (r) asked the Messenger of Allah (s): ‘How does the Revelation come to you?’ He said: ‘Like the ringing of a bell, and when it departs I remember what he (the Angel) said, and this is the hardest on me…'” (Sunan an-Nasa’i 933)

This hadith shows the severity of the revelation of the Qur’an; in that state, he could not alter it because of its heaviness. On the other hand, a literary analysis of any surah in the Qur’an shows the eloquence of the word choices.

The literary style of the Qur’an is inimitable and emphasises subjects in the Qur’an in a unique literary manner that is not seen in any other texts. This validates the Qur’an to be the true Word of God and not a product of any human being, not even a prophet.

2. Rebuking of the Prophet (s)

The rebuking of Prophet Muhammad (s) highlights the authenticity and authority of the Qur’an, which removes any false claims regarding him being the author of the Qur’an. A well-dignified person in history would want to be recognised as a respectable and influential man in society and historical documents.

He frowned and turned away… came to him the blind man [interrupting]…what would make you perceive, [O Muhammad] …he might be purified…” ( Qur’an 80: 1-4)

This verse from the Qur’an highlights a vital story where a blind man came to ask about Islam, but Muhammad (s) turned away as he was preaching about Islam to the elites of Quraysh. The Qur’an admonishes the Prophet’s actions that were committed against a blind man. This story illuminates a vast disconnection between the authorship of the Qur’an and the Prophet (s) regarding character portrayal.

Furthermore, the Qur’an goes on to threaten Muhammad (s) with punishment if he did not convey the message or change it, and no one will be able to save him from this threat.

“Had the Messenger made up something in Our Name, We would have seized him by his right hand, then severed his aorta.” (Qur’an 64: 44-46)

Hence, through these examples, it would not make sense if an author degraded themselves within the book for many people to recite for generations. Keeping such verses in the Qur’an shows the authenticity of the Qur’an and proves that Muhammad (s) is not the author of the Holy book.

Some others accuse the Prophet (s) of being the author of the Qur’an to gain power and wealth that is absolutely false. The Prophet’s (s) biography and Sunnah show that he was the opposite.

The Prophet (s) lost his wealth as he continued to deliver the message, gave up all worldly desires to spread the word of God, and many of the Prophet’s (s) companions were witnesses of his harsh lifestyle and that of his his family.

Hence, the rebuking of the Prophet (s) removes any false allegations about the Prophet (s) regarding the authorship and the authenticity of the Qur’an and validates the Qur’an for its authenticity.

This discussion provides valid and authentic evidences from the Qur’an and the Hadith and proves that the Qur’an is authentic and is the Word of Allah and rejects any association of the Prophet (s) being the author.

Through the i’jaz of the Qur’an, it denotes that the authorship of the Qur’an cannot be attributed to a human being but to a more knowledgeable  super being. The rebuking of the prophet Muhammad signifies that he cannot be the author of the Qur’an, which emphasises the authority and the authenticity of the Qur’an.