- Invoking Allah by His Attributes:
Knowing Allah’s attributes or names is important in Islam. We should ask of Allah by His most beautiful names. Allah says in the Quran:
“And (all) the most beautiful names belong to Allah, so call on Him by them” [al-A’raaf 7:180]
Allah responses when we call upon Him [see al-Baqarah 2: 186]. Allah likes and responses when we ask Allah by His greatest names, as mentioned the following Sahih hadith.
“It was narrated from Anas (r) that he was sitting with the Messenger of Allah (s), and a man was praying then he said in supplication: O Allah, I ask You by virtue of the fact that all praise is due to You; there is no god but You alone, and You have no partner or associate, the Bestower, the Originator of the heavens and the earth, the Possessor of majesty and honour, O Ever-Living, O Sustainer. The Prophet (s) said: “He has asked Allah by His greatest name which, if He is called upon thereby He answers and if He is asked thereby He gives.” (Tirmidhi, 3544; Abu Dawood, 1495; Nasaa’i, 1300 and Ibn Maajah, 3858)
- Memorising Allah’s attributes/names:
Allah has beautiful names and we should try to memorise them for using in our prayers effectively. Bukhari (2736) and Muslim (2677) narrated from Abu Hurayrah (r) that the Messenger of Allah (s) said: “Allah has ninety-nine names, one hundred less one. Whoever learns them will enter Paradise.”
Many prominent scholars, like Ibn Hazm, Ibn Taymiyah, Al-Khattaabi, Al-Nawawi and Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on them), mentioned that the names of Allah are not limited to a certain number based on the Sahih hadith below. Prophet (s) said:
“O Allah, I am Your slave, son of Your slave. I ask You by every name belonging to You which You have named Yourself with, or revealed in Your Book, or You taught to any of Your creation, or You have preserved in the knowledge of the Unseen with You.”
- Complete Belief of Allah’s attributes:
Finally, we have to believe all the attributes of Allah. We believe Allah’s names the way it says in the Quran and in that which is proven from the Messenger of Allah (s). We do not misinterpret (interpreting them in a way other than they appear to mean), distort any meaning or deny the divine names and attributes.