The beheading of the French teacher by a young man because he disapproved of showing a cartoon of Prophet Muhammad (s) was not only a crime in French law but also a crime as well as a sin in Islam. Life is sacred, and no one can deprive fellow human beings of their right to live.
The gruesome murder was more than an emotional act. It has its roots in the rulings by several medieval Muslim scholars who have defined insults to God and Prophet Muhammad (s) as blasphemy subject to punishment.
Qadhi Iyad ibn Musa (1083–1149), a judge in the Emirate of Granada, summarised scholars’ consensus in the following words. “Certainly, a blasphemer against Allah, Exalted be He, from among Muslims shall be deemed a disbeliever, and killing him shall be declared lawful.”
The Quran, the divine book, Muslims consider their major source of guidance, speaks contrary to what many scholars have argued. It tells the believers: “But do not revile those [beings] whom they invoke instead of God, lest they revile God out of spite, and in ignorance: for, goodly indeed have We made their doings appear unto every community In time, [however,] unto their Sustainer people must return: and then He will make them [truly] understand all that they were doing.” (8: 106)
There is no punishment suggested against those who ridicule or revile God or His messenger.
People may control their emotions, but when a questionable theology incites them to defend their faith and justifies violence, not many care for a due process for getting their grievances redressed.
They act on their self, approving their action to defend God and his messengers. Muslims are not the only people in this violent reaction. Christians, Jews, Hindus, Buddhists, and even atheists have often resorted to individual violence to defend their beliefs and practices.
The mob that lynches an unarmed Muslim or Christian under the suspicion of slaughtering a cow is no different than the French Muslim beheading a French man insulting the Prophet.
The Jewish settler shooting a native living in his home while defending it is no different from Muslims putting a bounty on Salman Rushdie’s head to write an insulting book about Prophet Muhammad (s).
People often use religious interpretation to defend their nefarious acts against the basic creed of their faith.
God is not sectarian, ethnic-centred, or racist. Every faith defines him as universal embarrassing everything that exists, and does not need humans killing humans or other creations to please him.
He did not appoint some humans his deputy on earth. He is powerful to defend himself. He does not take revenge from his creation for their deviation because he understands their limitation.
The argument that believers in God must avenge every act against Him has no connection with his divinity. Criminals and Mafias indulge in such acts. Glorifying violence and murder goes against the essence of God in almost all religions.
The Muslim theology has to clean itself from the violence that scholars have tried to justify and promote in the name of God. Muslim scholars of the 21st century must challenge the theology of blasphemy and ensure that violence is not a solution to any problem.
Violence against fellow human beings is, in reality, violence against God and a flagrant act of blasphemy.