Blood donation, also called blood banking, refers to the process of collecting, testing, preparing, and storing whole blood and blood components intended primarily for transfusion.
Blood donors are typically unpaid volunteers. A blood donation occurs when a person voluntarily has blood drawn and used for transfusions and/or made into biopharmaceutical medications by a process called fractionation (separation of whole-blood components).
Donation may be of whole blood, or of specific components directly (the latter called apheresis). Blood banks often participate in the collection process as well as the procedures that follow it.
According to the Australian Red Cross 1 in 3 Australians will require blood at some point in their life. That means one day, someone you love might depend on it.
Whole blood: You can save 3 people’s lives with a single whole blood donation, and donate as regularly as every 12 weeks. That means you can save 12 lives every year.
Plasma: It’s a powerful part of your blood. By donating it, you can unlock 18 life-saving products – from treatments for serious burns and cancer to protections for people with brain or blood disorders. You can donate plasma as often as every 2 weeks.
Benefits of Blood Donation
There are many health benefits with blood donation.
Healthy heart and liver: The body uses a sufficient amount of iron while the excess iron is deposited in the heart, liver, and pancreas that can cause problems. By donating blood, iron levels are reduced that benefit heart and liver.
Restoration of blood cells: During a regular blood donation, we can give around 470 ml of whole blood, nearly 9% of the average blood volume of an adult person. Within 48 hours lost volume will regenerate and within 9 weeks lost cells are regenerated by stem cells. With the newly generated blood cells, a person’s energy levels and activity increases where the body stays healthy and works efficiently.
Weight reduction: By donating blood we burn nearly 600 calories. This reduction in calories comes without any exercise. It is better to donate blood once per quarter year.
Saving human lives: By giving our blood to others who are in need, we can save a life. You saved not only one person’s life but also the life of many who depend on that person.
Increased life span: The health benefits of blood donation leads to an increase in the life span of the donor as well as the recipient.