Canadian parliament have unanimously voted on Thursday 20 September to declare crimes committed against Rohingya Muslims by the Myanmar military to be genocide.

This was an endorsement of UN fact-finding mission on Myanmar that found “crimes against humanity have been committed against the Rohingya” and that these acts were sanctioned by top Myanmar military commanders.

Rights organisations have accused Myanmar military of committing extrajudicial killings, gang rape, and arson during their bloody campaign launched in August last year.

Human rights observers called the declaration as a significant milestone.

They also urged the UN Security Council to refer the case to the International Criminal Court (ICC), while also calling for Myanmar’s generals to be investigated and prosecuted “for the crime of genocide”.