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Many of the Covenants of the Prophet can be found, in part and in whole, in classical Muslim sources. If some were not included in complete form it is because the originals were still in existence. Some of them were in the hands of the communities that had received them from the Prophet.

Copies of the Covenants of the Prophet have been preserved in Christian monasteries in Egypt, Palestine, Syria, Turkey, Armenia, and Persia. Others were passed down through priestly lines in Jewish and Zoroastrian communities in Egypt, Yemen, Persia, and India. And yet others were preserved as sacred relics in the treasuries of the Caliphs, Sultans, and Shahs of Islam.

The Covenants of the Prophet Muhammad (s) were treated as genuine by the four rightly-guided Caliphs, the Umayyads, the ‘Abbasids, the Fatimids, the Ayyubids, the Mamluks, the Safavids, and the Ottomans.

They have been authenticated by hundreds of Muslim authorities from the Sunni, Shiite, and Sufi traditions along with hundreds of non-Muslim scholars.

The Covenants of the Prophet are recognized by Pope Francis, Patriarch Bartholomew, and Patriarch Bartholomew III, as well as the Holy Fathers from the monasteries of St Catherine, Simonopetra, and St George, among many others.

They are officially supported by major Muslim organizations, including the Islamic Society of North America.

Readers who are interested in the history of transmission of the Covenants of the Prophet can refer to “The Provenance of the Prophet’s Covenant” which appear in volume 2 of Islam and the People of the Book: Critical Studies on the Covenants of the Prophet.

The study tracks provides a meticulous study of hundreds of references to the Covenants of the Prophet over the past 1400 years.

The claim that Christians fabricated the Covenants of the Prophet has no credence as the surviving copies were issued, signed, sealed, notarized, and authenticated by the political and religious leaders of the Muslim world; namely, by the Caliphs, Sultans, Shahs, along with their Grand Viziers, Muftis, and Chief Jurists.

In fact, it was customary for Muslim authorities to renew the Covenants of the Prophet on a yearly basis.

Copies of the Covenants of the Prophet, in both Arabic and in translation, were provided by the Caliphs, Sultans, and Shahs to the Christian communities under their rule.

Sultan ‘Abd al-Hamid, the last Caliph of Islam, renewed the Prophet’s covenant with St Catherine’s Monastery in 1904.