Egyptian security forces are seen in North Sinai, Egypt, on December 1, 2017 [File: Reuters]

Western governments and arms companies have contributed to the Egyptian military’s consolidation of political power, a new report said.

Titled The Officers’ Republic, the report was published by Transparency International Defence & Security  a week before Egyptians take to the polls in an election that is expected to see the president and military general, Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, secure another four-year term.

The report said Western defence companies – with approval from their governments – continue to provide Egypt’s military with aid and security support without any form of “meaningful transparency”.