Cultural festivals often serve to fulfil specific intention, especially in regard to commemoration or thanksgiving.
Some cultural festivals offer a sense of belonging for spiritual, religious, social, or geographical groups, contributing to group solidarity.
In contrast with the past, active participation of diverse people in festivals as social events have positive cultural, social, economic, and environmental impact on the community.
In accordance with the research of (Page & Connell, 2012; Ziakas, 2013), community participation is increasing in cultural festivals in our diverse societies.
Cultural festivals are the symbol of synergy, cooperation and team work. Planning and conducting cultural festivals involving members of the community, yields a number of personal and social benefits to individuals and communities.
According to cross-sectional study in Japan, participation in social events provides positive psychological states including better self-regard, a sense of belonging, and a purpose in life for those who participate.
Positive psychological states have a strong impact on mental health, and have a protective effect against a deterioration in psycho and physical function.
Different studies have shown the socio-cultural consequences of events, as cultural festivals are relevant to boosting cultural pride, social engagement and communication, awareness of the culture, and new knowledge for the community.
Community cultural festivals provide members of a community with opportunities to engage in socialization, entertainment and the establishment of social networks, which can contribute to the enhancement of community sodality and the structure of social capital within a community.
Furthermore, Ziakas (2013) mentioned that the participation of people in festivals is crucial for the enhancement of social networks and creation of social capital.
She argued “social capital is a concept that encompasses features of social life (networks, norms and trust) that enable participants to act together more effectively to follow common goals. Additionally, the consequences of it are co-ordination and cooperation for mutual benefits.”
Foundation of involvement in social events as organizer, executive, volunteer, invitee and regular visitor brings togetherness in community.
Co-operation is the process of groups of organisms working or acting together for common or mutual aim and benefits.
In Islamic thought, cooperation is essential for human survival and for human progress. As it is recommended in surah Al-Ma’idah (verse 2) that human should cooperate in righteousness.
Also, the prophet (s) said: “Verily, the believers are like a structure, each one strengthening the other.” (Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 467)
A structure takes shape when each brick is placed in its precise position in a planned way cemented with one another. Similarly, a society comes into existence when individuals becomes a united in social cohesion.
Indeed the Multicultural Eid Festival & Fair, MEFF with a long highly successful track record is an icon of Muslim unity with the opportunity for hosts, guests, and visitors with different faiths and cultures in order to bring about togetherness, cooperation harmony and peace in the Australian Multicultural society.