The recent election results in the state of Uttar Pradesh (UP) in India have alarmed Muslims around the country. Strategists in Hindu Nationalist political party viz Bhartiya Janta Party (BJP) have successfully calculated various parameters and took advantage of division of non-BJP votes among two main opposition parties led by Mayawati and Mulayam Singh Yadav.
The biggest political party of the Indian nation, who claim to represent all Indians, was so bold and blunt in sticking to its Hindutava agenda that it denied any representation to more than 40 million Muslims of the state, 20% of the population.
In recent UP election BJP got 39.7% of the votes, while Samajwadi party (SP) and Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) , combined polled in total 44% of the votes. As more than 60% of the population did not vote for BJP, if there was a single second party, that party would have won the elections.
Australia and a few other nations follow preferential voting system which tends to overcome the above deficiencies. Here, the voter is allowed to rank all candidates according to their preference. If no candidate secures an absolute majority of primary votes, the candidate with the fewest votes is then eliminated from the count.
The votes for this eliminated candidate are then redistributed among the remaining candidates according to the number two preference indicated on the original ballot. This process of elimination based on preferences continues until a candidate secures an absolute majority. This seems to be a much fairer system.
However, what is even more disturbing is that while there were many capable candidates for the CM office, PM Narendra Modi picked up the most controversial candidate who can only be described as the most notorious in disturbing communal harmony in UP over past few years.
Narendra Modi, Amit Shah and Yogi Aditayanath have become axis of evil of Indian democratic system. Surely Indian secularism faces biggest challenge in current political environment.