Respectability of human rights begins with the way a society treats its children.
According to United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, Children’s rights are not separated from human rights because children are the future generation.
Rights and duties are inter-related between parents and children. The prophet of Islam has asserted: “There are as many rights of children necessary upon parents as there are rights of parents necessary upon children”, ( Makarim Al Akhlaq).
The future of human capital, quality of life, and consequently wellbeing, lies with the quality of children’s upbringing.
Alongside children’s physical needs, there are many essential metaphysical needs.
It is more important to offer the child comparable care in terms of educational opportunities, moral training, and ethical guidance.
The human mind of a child in the very beginning is quite blank, and it is only gradually that it starts using the faculties of sight, hearing, understanding etc.
A child is a reflection of their parent. The best way to inculcate good behavior in children is to treat them with good grace. In this way, they will learn good behavior, etiquette and honorable character.
Philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau asserted that when a child is born, he is inherently good. He suggested that it was the evils encountered through the society that made children misbehave or grow up to be less than stellar adults.
“Allah has brought you from the wombs of your mothers while you did not know anything and He gave you hearing and sight and hearts that you may give thank” (Quran 16:78).
Sigmund Freud said: “Babies are initially driven by instinctive and selfish urges but gradually adapt to a more realistic approach by imbibing their parents’ values and rules. These play a role in the development of the child’s conscience.”
On the other hand, it is emphasized in Islamic teachings that children should be kept in a nice and respectful environment.
Prophet Mohammad (s) said: “Respect your children and behave with them in a nice manner.”( Mizan al-Hikmah)
Islam emphasises special care for the rights of children and to the raise them in a worthy manner.
Islam specifies parental obligations towards children.
For instance, children are given rights such as drinking breast milk until the age of two, growing up according to ethics, wearing nice clothes, sleeping in clean beds, eating healthy food, being called with a nice names, being disciplined with good manners, equal treatment, learning how to write and read, learning arts and craftwork, learning sports which are present in the Islamic traditions such as swimming and archery, playing games and finally marriage.
The gist of children’s right is that children should be given appropriate, adequate, and sufficient spiritual, ethical and moral guidance to protect them in their entire lives.
This will ensures awareness, better family atmosphere, and a better social environment.