This issue continues the series exclusive to AMUST on the 99 divine attributes of Allah.
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Prayer is very important to create a relationship between the individual believer and Allah.
The ideas and actions of every beloved prophet is performed by the believers depending mostly on the directive and actions revealed by Allah to ponder in such a way that might help the respective prophet in performing his main mission.
Prayer is a very important action to be performed by the believers for the sake of Allah as well as for the sake of the Prophet (s) without any negligence.
These three attributes can be understood through proper direction and performance of prayer.
64. Al-Wājid – The All Perceiving
This name, Al-Wajid, can be translated in two different ways:
Allah is the finder/ perceiver and
Allah is the rich who is never poor.
The Arabic verb “wajada” means: to find. Allah is the finder and all things are at His call. He has no wants and lacks nothing.
“Did He not find you an orphan and give [you] refuge? And He found you lost and guided [you],”
The second way to translate the name is that Allah is the Rich who is never poor. Our wealth is temporary, no matter how rich you are. However when it comes to Allah, His richness is everlasting and vast. Allah is the one who will always be rich in knowledge, power, and sustenance.
“ Whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth is exalting Allah, the Sovereign, the Pure, the Exalted in Might, the Wise. It is He who has sent among the unlettered a Messenger from themselves reciting to them His verses and purifying them and teaching them the Book and wisdom – although they were before in clear error. And [to] others of them who have not yet joined them. And He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.1 That is the bounty of Allah , which He gives to whom He wills, and Allah is the possessor of great bounty. The example of those who were entrusted with the Torah and then did not take it on, is like that of a donkey who carries volumes [of books]. Wretched is the example of the people who deny the signs of Allah . And Allah does not guide the wrongdoing people. Say, “O you who are Jews, if you claim that you are allies of Allah , excluding the [other] people, then wish for death, if you should be truthful.” But they will not wish for it, ever, because of what their hands have put forth. And Allah is Knowing of the wrongdoers. Say, “Indeed, the death from which you flee – indeed, it will meet you. Then you will be returned to the Knower of the unseen and the witnessed, and He will inform you about what you used to do. O you who have believed, when [the adhan] is called for the prayer on the day of Jumu’ah2 [Friday] and the prayer is finished, and then proceed to the remembrance of Allah and leave trade. That is better for you, if you only knew. And when the prayer has been concluded, disperse within the land and seek from the bounty of Allah , and remember Allah often that you may succeed. But [on one occasion] when they saw a transaction or a diversion [O Muhammad], they rushed to it and left you standing. Say “What is Allah is better than diversion and than a transaction, and Allah is the best of providers.”3
- This passage stresses three important issues ; a) to settle and prepare for the for the Friday prayer, b) to declare the announcement for Friday prayer as a different kind of special prayer offered only once a week on Friday, c) to concentrate more for prayer’s requirements than shopping.
- The purpose of revealing this chapter was to enable better understanding of prayers and related practices, and to have more concentrated and deep relation between the individual and his Allah.
- Jumu’ah is an Islamic term. It has been termed as the day of Friday, an allotted day of every week in every locality. Before the practice of Islamic shariah, every religion had a special day once a week for a special kind of prayer. Sabbat (Saturday) for the Jews and Sunday for the Christians whilst for Islam, according to the shariah, it became Friday (Jumu’ah).
- Every Friday Muslims are encouraged to practice zikrullah – the Islamic term referring to all the activities and practices associated with the remembrance of Allah. The phrase “leave trade” means not to completely abandon commercial endeavours but first concentrate on the Friday sermon especially prepared for the purpose, thence, after completing Friday with Khutbah and Fard prayer, the believer is permitted to indulge in trade-related activities.
Being the last Prophet of the series of prophets, There was no clear injunctions and directions of Allah given to the prophet to fulfil the task of establishing the overall dominant civilization that may carry on the future relations under the new system of the last version of Islam. To develop the relationship in such a way that Allah takes a major role in facilitating the future believers toward developing more contingent and easy task of tuning the human beings towards a more easy going activities and practices for the change of habits and practice towards discarding the temptations from the devil.
Hence it will be found out that the decision between mundane and profound practice for human population had become easy without much disturbance from shaitan.
The chapter Jum’ah 62, is distinct from the monotheistic point of view as a religion.
Normally, attributes of Allah is very profound, very high. With these attributes, we can create humanness through these attributes. And the prayer is linked here, to not only correct the spiritual self, but create a better environment for everyone in this world.
65. Al-Mājid (The Glorious)
The root of this word, m-j-d has the following connotations:
- to be glorious, dignified, majestic, noble, honorable
- to be lauded, exalted, sublime
- to be liberal, bountiful, exceedingly generous
The two derived words from this root are:
- Al-Majīd: indicating the One whose essential nature is glorious, dignified, noble and honorable, and whose essential nature is to give liberally and bountifully.
- Al-Mājid: indicating the One who is praised for the existence of the specific deeds and attributes of great glory, dignity, nobility, honor, and exceeding generosity.
Abū Hāmid al-Ghazālī says that the name Al-Majīd expresses the combined meanings of al-Jalīl (the majestic), al-Wahhāb (the bestower) and al-Karīm (the generous).
This name is used in the Qur’ān. For example, see 11:73.
66. Al-Wāhid (The Unique One) ,
67. Al Ahad ( The Only One)
“Say, ‘He is Allah , [who is] One, Allah , the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent.’ “
(Al-ikhlas 112: 1-4)
The historic narratives about the religious deities at the time of the Prophet Muhammad leave the impression that, for the polytheists, Gods were made of wood, stalls, gold, silver and other metals containing base bodies. Christians used to believe in one God but attributed the son and the holy ghost. Hence, most of the people used to believe in body and other human requirements. They were Magi and Sabi made of fire and rocks.
The word “Allah” was not a strange word for Arabs. The Arabs used to believe the word Allah for the creator of the universe. Arabs mostly changed after the attack of Abraha on Makkah – despite having 1,360 gods the Arabs pagans prayed to only Allah for saving them from the disaster of Abraha. Qur’an mentions in the Holy book that Allah is the creator of universe and the controller of moon and sun. Allah provides food and water and manages all the world affairs.
The verses of the short chapter was in response to their request about their God. The people used to reply “Howallah”, He is Allah. This means that when all the other non-Arabs believed their creator, controller and food provider had left them, still the Arabs considered Allah as their Lord. Hence, Prophet Muhammad’s response to their request was to never imagine any being as the creator, the controller, the provider, the manager, beneficial, merciful, wise and powerful other than Allah.
Following is the general essence of the meaning of the words mentioned in the Qur’an.
According to the classic Arabic language, Howa Allaho Ahada can be analyzed as Howa Mubtada, Allah is Khabar and Ahadan. It means that “He (about whom who you are asking questions) is Allah, the Unique One or it can also mean that this Allah is One and Only One.
The monotheists provide the reply of the policies through the following arguments.
- He is the only controller, not having any partnership and therefore there is no deity except Him.
- He is the single manager and controller and provider.
- He is one God from the beginning to the end having no one like him.
- He is not only Wahid but Ahad as well.
Hence, the word wahid had been used as Allah, the One.
Other than the word, Ahad and Wahid is the word samad. It has the following thirteen meanings.
- The one most High and Effective.
- All are hopeless compared to Him.
- He is underlined.
- He is without defect.
- He does not undergo any defects.
- He is perfect in His attributes and actions.
- No one else has the same qualities.
- He neither eats nor drinks.
- He is Highest in his knowledge, wisdom, help, patience and nobility.
- Nothing exists from him neither emerges from Him.
- Whatever He decides is not to be revised.
- People approach him whenever is needed.
- He does not need any chief and does not require any help from anyone.
We need to take out the idea that shaitan is the enemy. He is also a creation of Allah, and he has permission from Allah. We can take advantage of the shaitan to make us better.
Continued in AMUST issue #122 January