- Al-Wās’I – The Bountiful
“O you who have believed, spend from the good things which you have earned and from that which We have produced for you from the earth. And do not aim toward the defective therefrom, spending [from that] while you would not take it [yourself] except with closed eyes. And know that Allah self-sufficient and Praiseworthy1.
Satan threatens you with poverty and orders you to fahsha (foul deeds), while Allah promises you forgiveness from Himself and Bounty. And Allah is the Bountiful (45) and All-Knowing.
He grants Hikmah (Wisdom and knowledge)2 to whom he pleases. And whoever is granted wisdom has indeed been granted abundant wealth. Yet, none bears this in mind except those endowed with understanding.
(Al Baqarah, 2:267-269)
1. Obviously, the One, Who is Himself attributed with topmost virtues (epithets), does not like the persons having bad deeds. Allah, Himself, is munificent and has been bestowing every moment the benevolence and bounties upon all his creatures; then how possible is it to have affections with niggardly, narrow-minded and vile-natured persons.
2. Here, Hikmah connotes the correct discernment and proper faculty of apprehension. Here, Allah points out the fact that the person having the virtue of Hikmah would never follow the way directed by the devil. Rather he/she will accept the path elucidated by Allah. The followers of the devil persuade with their very clear and seemingly wise strategy of keeping one’s wealth carefully and miserly for the hoarding of wealth and money.
But those who have been bestowed the enlightened insight from Allah consider the pursuit of wealth to be a very foolish act. For them the wise and right behaviour is to spend openheartedly for charity and for goodness after the fulfillment of all his/her moderate needs.
Those who hoard may be more prosperous and rich in this worldly life but for them is not the full and complete life. It is only a small part of ones’ full life. Surely a person who, for the sake of a very prosperous transient life, does wrong and receives the just punishment in the next, permanent life, is the foolish one. The person who makes arrangements for the welfare of the next life as well as well is this one is the wisest one with the correct knowledge.
- Al-Hakeem (The All Wise)
“The revelation of His Book (the Quran) is from Allah, the Almighty, the All-Wise (46).
“Indeed, We have sent down the Book to you, [O Muhammad], with the Truth1. So perform ‘Ibadah2 of Allah (alone), by following ‘Diyn’3 evidently4 for the sake of Allah”
(Al-Zumar, 39:1, 2)
1. This chapter starts with the introductory information and directives: this revelation is not the words of Muhammad (s) as propounded by the nonbelievers. Rather, it is the message of Allah that has been revealed to Muhammad (s) through his special archangel. The listeners have been admonished by Allah through the two realities to get them to feel the importance of this message without considering it an ordinary saying.
Firstly, Allah is the One Who is Almighty, very Powerful. He is so overwhelming that no power can abolish and stop His determination and implementation of His decisions . Secondly, He is the All-Wise. Whatever directives are given in this book, all are based on the full-fledged wisdom and reality which can only be turned away and disobeyed by foolish and arrogant persons. All is reality and nothing within it contains any amalgamation of untruth or falsehood.
2. This is the most important directive of Allah for the fulfilment of the most essential truth devised by Allah (SWT) for each and every living creature including the human beings. It has depicted the main objective of the invitation to Islam (full submission to Allah). It contains two important points. Firstly it is the requisition for ‘Ibadah (servitude of Allah) and secondly, it is such the requirements that should be performed exclusively for Allah.
The root word of ‘Ibadah is ‘Abd’. This word is used for the words slave and captive in Arabic. In this connotation two concepts emerge. First is this devotion or worship as mentioned in the renowned Arabic dictionary ‘Lisanul-Arab’: ‘Abdullah, Alta’abbud, Al-tanassuk. Second is the humble submission and devoted obedience as mentioned in the ‘Lisanul-Arab’ as Al-Ibadah and Al-Ta’atah. Hence by the virtue of the above authoritative comments, this word ‘Ibadah does not only mean devotion and worship; rather it includes also the fully devoted obedience of His imperative and orders.
3. The word ‘Diyn’ is applied for different connotations in Arabic language:
a. The overcoming, proprietory and authoritative possession and control for the execution of one’s self-decided orders. eg. In Lisanul-Arab, ‘Qahhara annasa ‘al-atta’ate’ (He forced the people to obey his commands).
b. Obedience, subjugation and slavery: ‘Lisanul-Arab’ (Ad-Deen, atta’ata).
c. The rules and regulations for the humans to follow in daily living. ‘Lisanul-Arab’, Ad-Diyn (principle Way of Life).
4. Keeping in mind all the above three connotations, Ad-Diyn depicts the adoption of the attitude and way of living according to the full obedience and subjugation of someone more superior to follow.
Here, the word ‘evidently’ points out that there is no one else entitled to be followed and obeyed as a partner at any level with Allah (SWT).
- Al-Wadud (The Most Loving)
“And O my people, let not my shiqaq (your difference and opposition with me) cause you to be struck by that similar to what struck the people of Noah or the people of Hud or the people of Salih. And the people of Lot are not far off from you.
“And seek forgiveness of your Rabb and then repent to Him. Indeed, my Rabb is Merciful and Most Loving. (47)”
1. This difference or opposition was because of your separation, enmity and anger due to your disbelief in the Oneness of Allah (monotheism) and your worship of idols and your depravity of the people (in their things) and your giving of short measure and worship to the people.
2. The event of the Lut people is still afresh and adjacen to your territory Madyan This event of sodomy and homosexuality, the heinous of the people occurred just before six or seven centuries before the Madyan people. Moreover the territory of Prophet Shuaib was quite adjacent to that of the Lut people.
3. Be mindful! Allah is not hard-hearted and merciless. He has no enmity with His creatures that He may start giving punishment to them for mistakes and become pleased by torturing them. No, when anyone crosses the limit of their sins and spreads chaos and tribulations, then He punishes them. He is so benevolent that no matter what follies they have committed, when they repent and turn back to Him, He will forgive them and would not punish. Allah showers His utmost love upon them.
This issue has been elucidated by the Prophet Muhammad (s) by two very appropriate examples. One parable he narrated: “Consider the esteemed camel, laden with his food and provisions, which has become gone astray in a barren and desolate land and the owner who has long struggled to find it till he is in utter desperation. Then the owner accepts this fate with certainty and hopelessly stretches himself under a tree. After a momentary nap he suddenly opens his eyes and finds his camel with all his belonging standing before him. Then just imagine what a great rejoicing he feels. Then be sure that Allah feels rejoiced when He sees His rebellious creature repent and turn back to Him.
The second example depicts the situation more forcefully. The second rightly guided khalifa Omar bin Al-khattab narrated: “once some war prisoners were paraded before the Prophet (p) after being arrested. There was a woman also among the captives who found that her baby was left behind. This woman was so intensely engrossed with her motherhood that she derailed and became so mad that when she found any baby near her, she snatched it and clung her to her nipples enabling the baby to suck the milk.
The Prophet, observing this pathetic scene asked us: ‘Can you expect that this woman will throw her own baby in an enflamed fire by her own hand’. We replied, ‘Never ever!’ Leaving the throwing aside, seeing the baby falling in such a fire, she would try her best to save the baby at her utmost.
The Prophet replied, Allaho arhama bi’ibadehi min hazihi be waladehi’ (the mercy of Allah is extremely more abundant than what has for her baby).”
- Al-Majeed – The Glorious
“Qaf. By the Glorious (48) Qur’an…”
“Nay they wonder that there has come to them a warner (Muhammad) from among themselves. So the disbelievers say, ‘This is an amazing thing’.
“When we have died and have become dust, [will we return to life]? That is a distant return.”2
“We know what the earth diminishes of them, and with Us is a retaining record.
“Nay, but denied the truth (the Quran) when it has come to them, so they are in a confused state.”
1. The word Majeed is used with two connotations in Arabic. Firstly, the being of high status, graceful one and highly reputable and secondly, generous and a giver. The Qur’an has used this word in both the senses.
a. The Qur’an is of high status as no other manifest can be compared equal to it.
b. The Quran is generous in the sense that it gives to humans much more than that person desires. More bounties are provided both in this world and the hereafter.
2. This is their second confusion. The first one was that a human has been sent as a prophet and never they were informed that after the death of humans, they shall be made alive again and then all of them shall be gathered to be presented in the court of Allah.
Continued in AMUST issue #115 June