16. Al-Wahhāb – The All-Giver
“(They say): ‘Our Rabb! Let not our hearts deviate (from the Truth) after You have guided us, and grant us mercy from You. Truly, You are The Bestower, The All-Giver.’”
(Quran: Āle-Imrān, 03:08)
“Has the reminder been revealed to him from among Us? Nay they are in doubt as to My Reminder. Nay they have not yet tasted My chastisement. Or have they the treasures of the mercy of your Rabb, The All-Mighty, The All-Giver.”
(Quran: Sād, 08:09)
Allah is the wholesome Owner of all small and large, material and non-material things and sources. He is capable of providing the requirements of vast quantity and All-Giver of best quality. Hence He is the All-Giver of everything. No one should hesitate or feel shy for not asking from Allah any need from Him. Rather He is much pleased if anyone expects and asks Him with full sincerity and genuine purpose.
17. Al-Razzāq – The Bestower of Sustenance
“And I (Allah) created not the Jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (alone).
Neither I seek sustenance from them nor I want them to feed Me. Verily, Allah is The Bestower for sustenance (17), Owner of Power, The Most Strong.”
(Quran: Adh-Dhāriyāt, 51:56, 57, 58)
All creatures are in need of their sustenance and requirements. On the other hand, Allah Himself is self-sufficient and does not need any sustenance of any kind- food, clothes, material or non-material requirements. Moreover Allah is the overall Provider of all genuine requirements.
18. Al-Fattāh – The Granter of Success
19. Al-‘Alīm – The All-Knower
“Ask them (the polytheists): ‘Who provides you sustenance from the heavens and the earth?’ Say: ‘Allah’(1). ‘And verily (either) we or you are rightly guided or in manifest error’.
(Say to the polytheists) ‘You would not be questioned about our sins nor shall we be asked of what you perform’.
Say ‘Our Rabb (Sustainer) will assemble us altogether (on the Day of Judgement), then He will judge between us with truth. And He is Al-Fattāh- the Granter of Success(18) and Al-‘Alīm- the All-Knower(19) of the state of affairs.”(2)
(Quran: Sabā, 34:24, 25, 26)
The polytheists addressed in these verses were not the deniers of Allah. Rather they knew and believed that the procurement and management of the sustenance also belongs to Allah. However, they still used to include others in the deity-ship with Allah. Now the pin-point question about the Being who provides sustenance from the heavens and the earth perturbed them. If they cited a name other than Allah it construed against their own beleifs and that of the community. On the other hand if they admitted that Allah is the Sustainer another objection can be brought forward: ‘What is the justification of others as the partners to Allah’. Hence they became confused. The enquirer then provides the answer of the question Himself: ‘Say Allah’.
The obvious reality is that both the believers and the non-believers are to be presented before the same One God who already knows the absolute reality and is also well-aware about our dealings. Hence, together with the awareness of the rightness, what efforts were carried by the believers for exposing the truth and what offensive steps were taken by you against insisting on your wrong verdict?
20. Al-Qābid – The Overall Withdrawer
“Have you not seen how your Rabb lengthens the shadow?; and if He willed , He could have made it a permanent shadow. Then We placed the sun for it as indication (as the sun climbs up). We withdraw it towards Ourselves with a gradual withdrawal.”
(Quran: Al-Furqān, 25:45, 46)
The Arabic word daleel (intention), is used for a person who navigates the boats according to the water course. To use the shadow as daleel for the sun construes that the elongation and contraction of the shadow follow the extension and degradation – that is, on the rise and setting of the sun.
Towards Ourselves means the extension or appearance of the shadow. As Allah is the full Controller and the Overall Withdrawer, this phenomenon occurs by His will.
21. Al-Basit – The Extender
“And when we let the people taste mercy, they rejoice therein, but if evil afflicts them for what their hands have put forth, immediately they fall into despair. Do they not see that Allah extends provision for whom He wills and restricts (it)? Surely there are signs for those who believe.”
(Quran: Ar-Rūm, 30:36, 37)
In these verses people are admonished for their meanness and narrow mindedness. Whenever this cheap person receives favours he never acknowledges that all this has been bestowed upon him by Allah. He is deceived into thinking that all these benefits to him are because of his own competency and efforts. He gets so much intoxicated with pride and self-praise that neither he gives any importance to Allah nor even any human being. But the moment when this benevolence vanishes, he gets totally discouraged and completely disheartened.
22. Al-Khāfid –The Humbler
“When the inevitable takes place and there can be no denying of its happening, some shall be amazed and others exalted.”
(Quran: Al-Wāqiah, 56:1-3)
Two contrary characteristics of occurrence have been mentioned through the Arabic words khāfidah and rāfiah. These literally mean having two simultaneous occurrences. One will be that all the material will be turned over and the other can be that the material underneath will come to the top and the top one will be buried in the bottom. It also connotes that the dishonoured people will be honoured and the honoured ones will be dishonoured. This will occur on the day of Resurrection and thus Allah will honour some people and He will be the Humbler for others who consider themselves honourable in this world.
23. Al-Rāfi’ – The Promoter
“And when he saw the sun rising, he said, ‘this is my Rabb; This is greater’. But when it set, he said, ‘O my people, indeed I am free from what you associate with Allah. Indeed I am turned my face (self) toward He who created the Heavens and the Earth inclining toward truth, and I am not of those who associate others with Allah’.
And his people argued with him. He said, ‘do you argue with me concerning Allah while He has guided me? And I fear not what you associate with Him (and will not be harmed) unless my Rabb should will something. My Rabb encompasses all things in knowledge; then will you not remember?
Those who believe and do not mix their faith with wrongdoing will have more security and shall be rightly guided. That was our argument which we gave Abraham against the people, We promote by degrees whom We will. Indeed your Rabb is The Wise and The Knower.”
(Quran: Al-An’ām, 6:79-83)
The above statement of Abraham is itself the evidence that his nation was not a denier of Allah the Creator of the Heavens and the Earth. Their main sin was to make others partner to Allah in His attributes and rights. The statement of Abraham is his affirmation about the people for the partnership of their deities with Allah.
In verse 82 the word ‘wrongdoing (zulm)’ does not mean the common aggression or injustice. The Prophet (pbuh) him defined it as ‘polytheism (shirk). Thus this verse refers to this group as comprised of the people who believe in one Allah without contaminating it with polytheistic faith and actions. Hence the security and right-guidance is qualified only to such people.
24. Al-Mu’izz – The Raiser to Honour
“Those who take deniers of the Truth as their allies; do they seek honour in their company? But indeed all honour belongs to Allah Al-Mighty.”
(Quran: An-Nisā, 4:190)
Allah, being the source of all power and honour, grants these to whom He wills. The Arabic word ‘izzah contains more broad perception than ‘honour’. It encompasses a higher and more extensive connotation pertaining to the attainment of prestigious and high position at the level from where no one can bring him/her downgraded. It may be considered equivalent to firm sanctity.