Author: ishahid

Al-Zarqali: Astronomer and inventor of clocks

Al-Zarqali was one of the several great scientists produced by Islamic Spain. He advanced the study of astronomy through his extensive observations. He stated that Planetary Orbits are elliptical and not circular. He was also a mechanical engineer and maker of precision instruments. His public water clocks and advanced astrolabe have been highly admired.   Life Abu Ishaq Ibrahim Ibn Yahya al Naqash AL-Zarqali was born in Qurtuba (Cordova) in 420 AH / 1029 CE. In the west, he was known as Arzachel. Al-Zarqali means the blue-eyed. He belonged to a family of craftsmen who made several mechanical devices....

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Al-Beruni: astronomer, linguist and geographer

The name of Al-Beruni is counted among great astronomers, mathematicians and travelers of the worlds. He spent most of his life travelling and exploration geographical information. Al-Beruni was one of the genius minds of all times. He is frequently quoted in various books and articles by western scholars and researchers. Al-Beruni has authored numerous books on the various subjects like philosophy, history, chronology, mathematics, astronomy, geography, geology, physics and medicine including travel guides. Some historian estimate that he had written close to 180 books on various subjects. Life  Al-Beruni’s full name was Abu Rayhan Muhammad ibn Ahmad. He was born...

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Ibn Nafis: Cardiologist and medical scientist

  Ibn Nafis was a great medical scientist and cardiologist of the 13th century was the first to describe pulmonary circulation of the blood four hundred years before William Harvey’s reputed discovery of the pulmonary circulation of blood, which is part of the general circulation of blood in the human body. Ibn Nafis, as he is known in the literature of medicine and history, was born in 601 AH/1213 CE at a village called Qurashiya near Damascus in Syria. His full name is Ala al-Din Abul Hasan Ali bin Abil Hazm al-Qarashi al-Damashqi al-Misri. He received education in medicine at...

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Al-Idrisi, a great geographer

Al-Idrisi was one of the great geographers and cartographers of the world. He designed an atlas with seventy sectional maps to depict the world, wrote a major book on world geography, and constructed a large silver disc showing the world in detail. Idrisi attempted to combine descriptive and astronomical geography and discovered and mapped the source of the Nile about six hundred years before the Europeans. Life Abu Abd Allah Muhammad ibn Muhammed al-Sharifa al-Idrisi was born in 493 AH/1100 CE in Sabtah (Ceuta) in Morocco. His family claimed descent from the Prophet Mohammad (s) himself. One of his...

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Al-Zahrawi: Pioneering surgeon and inventor

Al-Zahrawi was a great pioneer of the tenth century in Islamic Spain who gave a new direction to medical sciences inventing many surgical instruments and establishing innovative surgical procedures. Before Al-Zahrawi medicine was considered as a branch of religion and pseudo-chemistry but he separated medical education from Alchemy and theology and emphasised the scientific nature of medicine. He advocated the study of medicine by bright minds. His encyclopaedic medical work, al-Tasrif, was a major textbook that was included in syllabi of the universities in Europe for several centuries. Abul Qasim Khalaf ibn Abbas al-Zahrawi was born in 324 AH/936...

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