Author: Dr Abul Jalaluddin

Government spending on Indigenous Australians

The Council of Australian Governments in 2009 vowed to Close the Gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians on health, education and employment. It’s hardly surprising that Indigenous spending has grown over the years to cater for this initiative. Indigenous Expenditure Report 2017 by Productivity Commission estimates that Federal and State spending on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders was more than $33 billion in 2015-16 which was a real increase of 24 per cent since 2008-09. In dollar terms, this amounts to an annual spending of $44,900 per Indigenous Australian, twice the equivalent spending per person on the rest of...

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The Vision 2030: A Saudi Arabian blueprint for economic development

Saudi Arabia recently released the Vision 2030 to achieve economic diversification away from over dependence on oil.  In 2016, 93% of government budgeted revenue was from oil and the remaining 7% had a significant indirect contribution from the petroleum sector. This dependency on oil dates back to the discovery of black gold in 1938. The Vision was released against the backdrop of low oil prices pressuring Saudi budget. The current level of Saudi budget deficit is $100 billion, the biggest economic challenge over a decade. The Vision 2030 is an ambitious program for socio-economic development of Saudi Arabia. It...

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Structure of Salary and Wage in Australia

Australian workforce enjoys one of the most sophisticated and complex remuneration structures in the developed World.  The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) finds 3 main ways of setting salaries and wages of employees: (i) Industrial Award, (ii) Enterprise Agreements and (iii) Individual Arrangements. Industrial Awards Industrial Awards are legally enforceable determinations which are mainly made by the federal Fair Work Commission. The Commission is responsible for setting the minimum pay and conditions for employees in a particular industry or occupation. Any employer paying less than the minimum wage specified in the relevant award is in breach of law and...

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Rising Australian Dollar: Winners and Losers

The exchange rate of the Australian dollar is in constant fluctuation. A high demand for Australian dollar usually leads to a high exchange rate which creates winners and losers in the economy. Recently, Australian dollar soared above US80 cents, to a high of US80.66 cents. Historically, the Australian dollar appreciated an all-time high of US110 cents in July 2011 and a record low of US48 cents in April 2001. This recent rise has created economic advantages to overseas travellers, online shoppers purchasing goods and services from international merchants, domestic shoppers of imported goods at Australian retail outlets, importers and...

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Who pays for $6.2 billion bank levy

From 1 July 2017, the largest 5 banks (Commonwealth Bank of Australia, Westpac Banking Corporation, National Australia Bank, ANZ and Macquarie Group Limited) will pay a levy of 0.06% on their client deposits, raising $6.2 billion over the next 4 years.  They will face up to $200 million in fines if they cover up misconduct by their executives. In addition, senior bank executives could be stripped of bonuses, deregistered or disqualified if they breach new accountability rules. Australian banks are the most profitable corporate entities in the World. Australian consumers pay higher fees and margins for bank products and...

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january, 2018

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