The results of the latest national Census released on Tuesday 27 June 2017 reveal that Muslims are now the largest religious minority in Australia.

Christianity remains the most common religion (52 percent of the population). Catholicism is the largest Christian grouping in Australia, accounting for almost a quarter (22.6 percent) of the Australian population.

Other than Christian, Islam (2.6 per cent) and Buddhism (2.4 percent) were the next most common religions reported. Nearly a third of Australians (30 percent) reported in the Census that they had no religion in 2016.

The religious makeup of Australia has changed gradually over the past 50 years. In 1966, Christianity (88 percent) was the main religion. By 1991, this figure had fallen to 74 percent, and further to the 2016 figure.

Australia is increasingly a story of religious diversity, with Hinduism, Sikhism, Islam, and Buddhism all increasingly common religious beliefs. Hinduism had the most significant growth between 2006 and 2016, driven by immigration from South Asia.

The growing percentage of Australia’s population reporting no religion has been a trend for decades and is accelerating. Those reporting no religion increased noticeably from 19 percent in 2006 to 30 percent in 2016. The largest change was between 2011 (22 percent) and 2016 when an additional 2.2 million people reported having no religion.

Census data is available free online. Use one of our easy tools such as QuickStats and Community Profiles to access the latest data for your area or topic of interest.

 

Census 2016 Census 2011
No religion – 30.1% Catholic – 25.3%
Catholic – 22.6% No religion – 22.3%
Anglican – 13.3% Anglican – 17.1%
Uniting Church – 3.7% Uniting Church 5.0%
Christian, (Not further defined)– 2.6% Presbyterian and Reformed –  2.8%
Islam – 2.6% Eastern Orthodox – 2.6%
Buddhism – 2.4% Buddhism – 2.5%
Presbyterian and Reformed – 2.3% Islam 2.2%
Eastern Orthodox – 2.1% Christian (Not further defined) 2.2%
Hinduism – 1.9% Baptist – 1.6%
Baptist – 1.5% Hinduism 1.3%
Pentecostal – 1.1% Lutheran – 1.2%
Lutheran – 0.7% Pentecostal 1.1%
Sikhism – 0.5% Judaism – 0.5%
Other Protestant – 0.5% Jehovah’s Witnesses – 0.4%
Judaism – 0.4% Sikhism – 0.3%
Jehovah’s Witnesses – 0.4% Seventh–day Adventist – 0.3%
Seventh-day Adventist – 0.3% Other Protestant – 0.3%
Latter-day Saints – 0.3% Salvation Army – 0.3%
Oriental Orthodox – 0.2% Latter-day Saints – 0.3%